12 Jun 2024

(663) Asking ChatGPT for the single most crucial obstacle against Christopher Marlowe being the true author of Shakespeare's



The single most crucial obstacle against Christopher Marlowe being the true author of Shakespeare's works is the timing of Marlowe's death. Historical records indicate that Marlowe died in 1593, whereas many of Shakespeare's plays were written and performed after this date.

 This discrepancy poses a significant challenge to the Marlovian theory, which argues that Marlowe faked his death and continued to write under Shakespeare's name. However, the lack of concrete evidence to support the idea of Marlowe's survival and secret authorship undermines this theory, making the timing of his death the most significant obstacle.

How to judge the Wisdome of ChatGPT?

(662)Asking ChatGPT for the single most crucial Obstacle against Edward de Vere (17th Earl of Oxford) as true Shakespeare



The single  most crucial obstacle against the theory that Edward de Vere, the 17th Earl of Oxford, was the true author of Shakespeare's works is the timeline of his death. Edward de Vere died in 1604, while several of Shakespeare's plays were written and published after this date. Notable examples include "Macbeth," "The Tempest," and "The Winter's Tale," all of which are generally agreed upon by scholars to have been written after 1604.

This discrepancy in dates is a significant hurdle for proponents of the Oxfordian theory because it suggests that de Vere could not have authored these later works. This timeline issue challenges the plausibility of Edward de Vere being the true author, as it implies that he would have had to write these plays posthumously, which is not feasible

How to judge the Wisdom of ChatGPT?

1 Jun 2024

(661) One of the greatest CONSPIRACIES in literary history : The Marlowe / Shakespeare Authorship

   The greatest CONSPIRACY  in literary history  :   

 The Marlowe/  Shakespeare Authorship 

We have reached the number of
100  sophisticated  YouTube Video Contributions

on one of the greatest  
Literary C O NS P I R A C I E S  :

 the Marlowe / Shakespeare Authorship

 LINK:  all Videos clickable, filterable!)  
 (Start with:   "most popular"/beliebt!)

Bastian Conrad (Prof.Emeritus)
81929 M√ľnchen


15 Apr 2024

(659) Short ENGLISH Summary Text of the (GERMAN 700 page) Book on the Marlowe / Shakespeare Authorship

                                 of German MARLOWE book)

                                      R E A D / L I S T E N !!  

Who was Shakespeare ?

                            Christopher Marlowe


The uncovered story of an infinite doubt*

*  For  easier  understanding  of  a  complex  issue,  the  Warwickshire  family name  Shakspere  is  used  for  the  person  from  Stratford,  and  Shakespeare  for the author of the works.


Any careful researcher or reader who takes the time to study the facts - the literary sources, arguments and evidence - must renounce  the  dogmatic  belief  that  William  Shakspere of Stratford is identical to the author associated with the London theatre.  There  was  only  one  truly  great  poetic  genius  in  his time, Christopher Marlowe, who in his 30th year (May 1593) was threatened by execution, following  slanderous accusations against him by  the  English crown and church.  A feigned death, staged in Deptford with the help of the Queen and  her  senior  adviser  William  Cecil,  saw  him  banished  for his  own  safety,  but  at  the  price  of  a  permanent  loss  of  name and identity.

This thesis, followed by the continuance of his writing under multiple masking pseudonyms, including Shakespeare, is valid, not merely hypothetical. We reach it with a high degree of certainty. It should end the bizarre and historically unique authorship  debate.  The  camouflaging  penname  Shakespeare was   adopted   in   June   1593   and   used   on   a   single page dedication  for  the  poem  Venus  and  Adonis,  ten  days  after Marlowe’s  body  was  allegedly  buried  in  St  Nicholas churchyard on the edge of Greenwich and Deptford.

We suggest that the name was used because the businessman William  Shakspere  of Stratford  was  on  the  spot  in  London and  was  paid  to  add  extra  pseudonymous  ‘cover’  for Marlowe’s  escape.  His  evocative  "masking"  name,  bought silence  and  a  future  gravesite  to  ensure  the  survival  of  the poet genius.

Why Shakspere  of Stratford cannot have been Shakespeare?

Just  a  few  facts  and  arguments  against  Shakspere  listed  here (out of many) make it seem impossible that the Stratford man was the poet of “Romeo and Juliet” or “Hamlet”:

1)  Even  after  400  years  of  intensive  research  into  the  life  of  William  Shakespeare  (1564-1616)  no  documents  have  ever been  found  that  demonstrate  a  literary  or  artistic  activity, other  than  the  pen-name.  One  would  have  expected  at  least preserved “literary” rudiments (such as letters, prose, poems, correspondence,   records,   manuscripts,   diaries,   obituaries, orders,   reports   of   his   friends,   contemporary   character markings,   notes   on   a   patronage,   etc.)   to   suggest   that Shakspere  is  identical  with  Shakespeare,  the  great  genius  of world  literature.  The  absence  of  such  evidence  makes  the Stratfordian case highly implausible.

2)  Shakspere and Marlowe, (born two months apart in 1564), never  met  in  London.  Marlowe,  through  an  early  artistic development  phase  (1578-1593), established  himself  as  a precocious poet and theatrical genius (having written famous plays such as Tamburlaine, Doctor Faustus, Edward II) and a superstar of London theatre. His instant ‘death’, following a stabbing  above  the  right  eye,  rolled  seamlessly and  within weeks  (see  time  scale)  into  a  new  biography  of  the  hitherto unknown    writer,  Shakespeare,  who    arrived    with    his successful  opus.1  (Venus  and  Adonis)  at  a  peak  of  literary mastery.  Marlowe  and  Shakspere  did  not  overlap  in  their creative activity for a single day. Their plays were in theatres only a a few hundred metres apart -so their ignorance of each other is not even theoretically conceivable.

3)   Shakespeare's  parents,  like  his  wife  and  daughters,  could not  read  and  write.  It  is  inconceivable  that  a  poet  with some of the most impressive linguistic capabilities in history would leave no sign or imprinting of early intellectual achievement, nor that he left his daughters, Judith and Susanna, as illiterate Stratford  residents unable  to  read  their  father’s  plays  and poems.4) It is said that  the  universal Genius acquired his prodigious gifts and learning in the local Grammar school, in a town of some 1500 inhabitants. If he left school at the age of 13 with only  one  teacher - he  somehow  wente  on  to master  Latin, Greek, Italian, Spanish, French, Dutch, Hebrew, and English. This  is  literally  impossible  for  a  Stratfordian,  because  many texts  (including  rare  works  in  Italian,  French  or  Spanish), used  as  the  source  of  his  plays,  were  not  yet  translated  into English.

5)  Virtually  all  biographers  and  critics  describe  Marlowe  as the  most  important  literary  and  intellectual  "predecessor", “forerunner” or pioneer for William Shakespeare.But how, with  two  persons  of  the  same  age,  can  one  be  termed  the predecess or of the other?

6) The  plays  of  Shakespeare  leave  him  as  the  towering personality   of   his   time.   He   had   some   of   the   most "encyclopedic" knowledge of the world and rare communication  skills  to  back  up  esoteric  wisdom  in  many fields. It is   not   possible   that   there   is   not   a   single contemporary   source   to   provide   evidence   of   how   the unlearned  Shakespeare  should  have  been  able,  for  a  quarter century in one of the largest cities in Europe, to communicate with the world. There must be a more plausible explanation.

7)  And  95  percent  of  Shakespeare's  plays  deal  with  the highest  circles - from  monarchs  and  dukes  to  knights.  They offer  far-reaching  insights  into  the  English  and  European royal  courts.  Shakespeare  did  not  spend  a  single  day  of  his life at the court. Without access, he could not have written his detailed   sonnets   and   plays.   This   fact   alone   excludes Shakspere of Stratford as the author of the works. And this is more than a probability. It borders on certainty. 

8)  Shortly  before  his  death  (1616)  Shakspere  wrote a  three -page  will.  He  did  not  mention  any  "literary  legacy”  or testimony   (e.g,   documents,   books,   manuscript,   etc).   The learning   and   experience   displayed   is   typical   of   a   small shopkeeper. The  Stratford profile does not fit the  personality of the great writer.

9)  Shakespeare's death in 1616 was a “non-event” for local and distant observers. There were no eulogies describing him as  the  greatest  poet  of  his  age.  No  one  noticed  his  death, lamented his passing, or praised him as a literary talent.

10)  Similar  strong  arguments  (such  as  handwriting,  sonnets, theatrical  career,  First  Folio,  grave  monument,  traveling  in Europe, etc.) must be omitted and cannot be discussed here. Marlowe's  "alleged"  death  bears  the  seal   mark  of  a successful life-saving plot of the crown.

The  facts  and  arguments  mentioned  here  helped  to  trigger  a lasting doubt on Shakspere and a search for a more plausibleauthor.  Over  time,  three  serious  candidates  emerged:  In  the second half of the 19th century, Francis Bacon (1), then at the beginning  of  the  20th  century,  Edward  de  Vere  (2),  Earl  of Oxford,  and  finally  Christopher  Marlowe (3).  For  all  threecandidates, weighty counter-arguments remained: (1) Francis Bacon was a gifted philosopher, politician and lawyer, but in his  lifetime  not  a  dramatic  poet  and  artist.  (2)  Edward  de Vere   wrote   verses   and   was   descended   from   the   higharistocracy - the  social  environment  in  several  Shakespeare plays - but he died too early (1604) and was never recognized in   his   lifetime   as  a   dramatist, let   alone   a   genius.   (3) Christopher Marlowe was the poetic and dramatic genius par excellence,  but  he  died too  early. Assumptions  about  his personality can be  maintained up to this day, but they do not alter  the  fact  that  he  disappeared  from  history  on  June 1 1593 in Deptford, and  an  even  more  ingenious  poet  of  the  same  age followed within days.

Timeline of William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe (alias Shakespeare)   - german

Why Marlowe became Shakespeare?

In  May  1593  Marlowe,  the  poet  and  playwright  star  of  the London  stage,  was  denounced  because  of  alleged  literaryinvolvement  in  seditious  placards  (the  Dutch  Libels,  signed only by ‘Tamburlaine’) and for distribution and possession ofheretical and atheistic  writings. He  was arrested and in acute danger.  His  imprisonment,  torture  and  execution  could  beaverted only by the support of the leading statesman, William Cecil  (Lord  Burghley).  As  acting  head  of  the  Secret  Servicefollowing  the  death  of  Francis  Walsingham,  Marlowe  was secretly  in  his  service.  He  had  to  be  declared  dead  by  acoroner’s  inquest,  and  his  identity  had  to  be  erased.  His talent,   however,   could continue through   the   pseudonymShake-speare, a "posthumous" closure of the Deptford plot.


Marlowe,  simply,  took  on  William  Shakespeare  and  other pseudonyms. He became an ‘Anonymous’ himself and wroteunder a variety of noms de plume. His survival and his ‘anon’ publications  were  coupled  with  the  threat  of  permanent  lossof  identity,  not  least  for  safety.  In  his  second,  "posthumous" life  after  1593,  he  was  forced  for  more  than  five decades  to conceal  his  identity  and  his  incredible  literary  productivity due  to  frequent  changes  in  his  camouflage  and  cover names and   initials   (e.g.,   Barnabe   Barnes   to Richard   Barnfield,William  Basse,  John  Bodenham,  Samuel  Brandon,  Nicholas Breton,  Richard  Brome,  William  Browne,  William  Clarke, John  Clapham,  Peter  Coles,  Francis  Davison,  John  Davies, Michael  Drayton,  Bartholomew  Griffin,  Thomas  Heywood, Gervase   Markham,   Tobie   Matthew,   Thomas   Overbury, Henry  Peacham,  Thomas  Shelton,  Henry  Southwell,  Robert Tofte,   William   Warner,   John   Weever,   Henry   Willobie, Geffrey Whitney, George Wither and others).

 This viable hypothesis, supported by literary texts, can detect most   of   the   reasons   for   the   centuries-old,   seeminglyintractable   problem   of  Shakespearean   authorship.   But   it inevitably   must   exceed   the   imagination   of   uninformed ignorants or biased experts.Only  those  who  see  through  the  complexity  of  the  processes and  recognize  that  the  only  existing  genius  had  to  "suffer" from a splitting of identity, can comprehend and be aware of the  bizarre,  consciously  produced  equation  :  Shakespeare equals Shakespeare

Positive cumulative evidence for Marlowe

Diametrically   opposed   to   the negative evidence   against Shakespeare   you   will   notice   the positive evidence   forChristopher Marlowe (small sample): 1) Because  of  his  talent  he  received  a  scholarship  for  high school in Canterbury and a 6-7 year university scholarship atCambridge, completing his Master of Arts (MA)2) He  moved  in  the  highest  circles  of  the  court  and  society (such   as   William   Cecil,   Thomas   Walsingham,   RobertDevereux, Anthony Bacon, Mary Sidney among others ...)3) He  travelled early on the  European  mainland on behalf of the  Crown (e.g.  Holland, France) and probably accompaniedPhilip  Sidney  as  a  young  page  to  his  three-year  European Trip  (1572-74)4) In   his   brief   official   early   life   time   Marlowe   created outstanding  theatrical  and  literary  works  (1587-1593)  (such as Hero and Leander, Dr. Faustus, Edward II).5) He  must  be  recognized  as  the  first  English  author  to develop  the  full  potential  of  blank  verse  and  make  this  thedominant   form  of verse   in   the  English   drama   of   the Elizabethan age.6) Contemporary  obituaries  substantiate  that  there  was  no comparable poet beside Marlowe. (Heywood: Best of Poets inthat  age  ... Petowe:  Marlowe,  no  English  writer  can  as  yet attaine Harvey:  the  highest  mind,  that  ever  haunted  Paul's,etc.)  An  equivalent,  independent  genius  Shakespeare  cannot have existed next to him.7) Biographical  aspects  of  Marlowe's  tragic  loss  of  identity are highly reflected in Shake-speare's sonnets.(Chapter 7)8) Because   of   the   excessive   number   of   significant   text parallels,  Marlowe's  own  works  have  to  be  identified  as  theearly works of Shakespeare.(Chapter 8)9) Virtually   all   of   Shakespeare's   dramatic   works   reveal significant fingerprints in Marlowe's work and autobiography.    This    concurrence    is  far    beyond    any coincidental probability.(Chapter 9)10) In various works of Shakespeare (e.g. The Taming of the Shrew,  A  Winter’s-Tale,  Pericles,  Cymbeline, Coriolanus, Timon  of  Athens,  Twelfth  Night, Love  Labors  Lost,  Hamlet etc.)  significant  passages  or  scenes  correspond  to  Marlowe's biographical situation.(Chapter 10)11) Unique  significances  and  texts  of  "supposedly"  different authors  between  1593  and  1655 can  be  identified  as  thesecond   life   "Marlowe/alias   Shakespeare"   under   feigned identities, names (see above) and initials. (Chapter 11)    

      He  died on october  13,  1655 at  the  age  of  91  in exile in the Jesuit College in Gent (Belgium).

Need of a reversal of the Authorship approach

The logic of the approach must be reversed today. The Dogma ("Because   Marlowe's   death   is   acknowledged   in   1593,accordingly  1000  plausible & logic arguments  must  be  untrue  or  incorrect!"), needs  to  be  reversed  today  in  a  scientific  contradiction-free paradigm ("Since   1000   arguments    for   Marlowe/contra Shakspere   of   Stratford  do exist,   the   singular   "argument  of Marlowe's death has to be false.")The  massive  historical  conspiracy  with  the  tragic  fate  of Marlowe/Shakespeare  was  in  principle  fabricated,  to  remain undetected.



Literature:  Bastian  Conrad

The True Shakespeare  : Christopher  Marlowe,  

 Solving the Centuries old Problem of Authorship. (German).  2016   (Fifth Edition)

 Buch & Media, Munich

ISBN 978-3-86520-374-8

Prof.Dr.Bastian Conrad (Emeritus)

Former. Director of the Neurology Department  Technical University of Munich (Klinikum rechts der Isar)

Memelerstrasse 94a - 81929 Munich e- mail: bastian.conrad66@gmail.com


Webpage:        www.der-wahre-shakespeare.com

Youtube. (Summary Video)       https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z7VeQ7OER14&t=1s




29 Mar 2024

(657) Richard II part one (Woodstock) written by the only "TRUE" Shakespeare

W O O D S T O C K 

A compilation of essential  arguments, why the play „RICHARD II“ ( part1 Woodstock & part 2) should and could only have been written by a singular identity, the „ONLY TRUE“ Shakespeare (aka Marlowe)

18 Feb 2024

(655) Is there , or is there not , a legitimate Shakespeare authorship controversy??


The Tragedy of ChristopherMarlowe

                         (alias Shake-peare),

 forced to abandon I D E N T I T Y  (his selfe) and N A M E   permanently...


The Authors  S E L F 
Joshua Sylvester's        A u t o m a c h i a  
and Shakespeare's  R i c h a r d  III

can anyone believe, that the following poetical thoughts
about 'one's own SELF'
 in Shakespeares  Richard III and 
Sylvesters Automachia 

didn't emerge from the same brain ?

21 Feb 2023

(653) MARLOWE created (invented): five Pseudonyms (part 2 of 2) of the TRUE SHAKESPEARE

Five Pseudonyms (part 3)  of the  TRUE Shakespeare

MARLOWE created (invented) five Pseudonyms (part 2 of 2) of the TRUE SHAKESPEARE..:  

Richard Brome, Thomas May, William Percy, Richard Southwell, Geffrey Whitney  

(652) five Pseudonyms (part 2 of 2) of the TRUE Shakespeare

Five Pseudonyms (part 2 of 2)  of the  TRUE Shakespeare

Richard Brome [1], 
        Thomas May [2], 
              William Percy [3], 
                      Richard Southwell [4] , 
                               Geffrey Whitney [5]


27 Dec 2022

(651) Five pseudonymous Identities (part 1 of 2) of the TRUE Shakespeare

 Five Pseudonyms (part 1 of 2)  of the  TRUE                                      Shakespeare


Thomas Bastard (1), 

            John Bodenham (2), 

                   Richard Brathwaite (3), 

                                   John Cotgrave (4), 

                                                Francis Hubert (5)

A world, that does not want to understand, 

is difficult to convince 

by arguments!


22 Dec 2022

(650) Reflections of the hungarian editor of Grafologia on Marlowe's delayed resurrection

                                   Pal Faklen



15 Oct 2022

(646) Sir Thomas Overbury's "A WIFE" and the "CHARACTERS" have been conceived by the "TRUE" Shakespeare.


Thomas O V ER B U R Y's 


written by  "TRUE"  Shakespeare

for details  Click  V I D E O !